Author:- Viewpoint Eye
Friday 3rd of March 2023 02:22:54 PM
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that cause damage to the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain. The damage can lead to vision loss and blindness if left untreated. World Glaucoma Week is an annual event held in March to raise awareness about glaucoma and promote the importance of early detection and treatment.
TYPES OF GLAUCOMA
There are several types of glaucoma, but the two most common types are open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type and occurs when the drainage angle between the iris and cornea is open, but the trabecular meshwork, which helps drain fluid from the eye, becomes clogged. This build-up of fluid causes pressure to build up in the eye, leading to optic nerve damage.
Angle-closure glaucoma occurs when the iris is too close to drainage angle, blocking the flow of fluid out of the eye. This can cause a sudden increase in the pressure, leading to optic nerve damage and vision loss. This type of of glaucoma is less common but can be more severe and require immediate medical attention.
Anyone can develop glaucoma, but there are several factors that can increase your risk, including:
1. Age: The risk of developing glaucoma increases as you get older.
2. Family History: If you have a family history of glaucoma, you have a higher risk of developing the condition.
3. Race: Africans and Hispanics are at a higher risks of developing glaucoma than Caucasians.
4. Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease can increase the risk of developing glaucoma.
5. Eye Injuries: Injuries to the eye can increase the risk of developing glaucoma.
In the early stages, glaucoma may not cause any symptoms, which is why it is often called the "silent thief of sight". As the condition progresses, you may experience:
1. Gradual loss of peripheral vision.
2. Tunnel vision.
3. Blurred vision.
4. Haloes around light.
5. Eye pain.
6. Nausea and vomiting.
Glaucoma is typically diagnosed through a thorough comprehensive examination that includes measuring the pressure inside the eye, checking the appearance of the optic nerve, and testing the visual field. Additional tests may be needed, such as optical coherence tomography or gonioscopy, to confirm the diagnosis.